Burden of TB in SAARC

In 2013, there were an estimated 3.0 million incident cases of TB, equivalent to 184 cases per 100 000 population. This carries 34% of the global burden of TB incidence. Four of the eight Member Countries in the Region are among the 22 high burden countries, with India accounting for 23 % of the world’s TB cases. Among 3.0 million incident TB cases, 1.79 million are notified new and relapse cases.

Estimates of the burden of diseases caused by TB in the SAARC Region, 2013

Presentation1Notification, Case Detections and Treatment Success

A total 1,791,866 cases were notified in 2013 in the SAARC region. The overall case detection rate in the region in 2013 for all types of TB cases was 58 % (53 to 83%) and treatment success rate of 89% (79 to 92%).

Case detection (2013) and

Treatment outcomes, New Smear – Positive cases (2012),

SAARC Region

noti

MDR – TB

The MDR TB cases in the region range from less than one to four percent among new TB cases and it ranges from less than one to almost 30 percent among the re-treatment TB cases. In 2013 Pakistan has 4.3% of new tuberculosis cases with MDR-TB, which is highest in the SAARC region. However, in India there were 20,000 new MDR-TB cases among notified pulmonary TB cases. In case of re-treatment Bangladesh has 29% of new tuberculosis cases with MDR-TB, which is highest in the SAARC region. However, in India there were 41,000 MDR-TB cases among retreatment TB cases

Estimates of MDR-TB burden in the SAARC Region, 2013

MDR

Progress in TB Control in SAARC Region (2000-2013)

The overall progress in tuberculosis control in the region. It depicts that there is remarkable progress in DOTS coverage which has already been reached 100% since 2010. Regarding treatment success, the target is achieved since 2005. In 2013, case detection rate for all types of TB cases is 58%.

Success

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